Data source

Cattle: Data is shown for all registered and alive cattle of the genre and species domestic cattle, zebu, yak, water buffalo and bison over the past 10 years. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the records description, all animals are considered to be kept in Switzerland. Animals with poor data quality are not shown.
Data source: Animal Movement Database (AMD)

Equids: Data is shown for all registered, alive equids since 01.01.2016. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the records description, all animals are considered to be kept in Switzerland. Animals with poor data quality are not shown.
Data source: Animal Movement Database (AMD)

Dogs: Data is shown for all registered dogs since 01.01.2016. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the records description, the animals are kept in Switzerland.
Data source: Amicus

Sheep & goats: Data is shown for all registered, alive small ruminants since 01.01.2020. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the records description, all animals are considered to be kept in Switzerland. Animals with poor data quality are not shown.
Data source: Animal Movement Database (AMD)

Data privacy: Categories with between 1 and 4 (included) records are not shown. Their value is blank in the data files and not shown on the plots.

Important: All databases are dynamic. New events are notifed every day. The values for a given dataset and a given time can thus slightly vary between each evaluations.


Glossary

Term Description
?? The address of the location (country, canton, municipality) is unknown, invalid or empty.
Abroad Countries of the world except Switzerland and Liechtenstein, if not explicitly excluded.
Age structure Distribution of registered, living animals according to their age on the reference date.
Allele Each of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
Amicus On behalf of the cantons and based on article 30 of the Law on epizootic diseases and articles 16-18 of the Ordinance on epizootic diseases, respectively, Identitas AG operates the national dog database Amicus. Amicus guarantees compliance with legal requirements and offers high data quality: municipalities register dog owners and maintain their addresses, veterinarians identify dogs and take care of initial registration, and dog owners report mutations. This ensures complete traceability, and illegal imports of dogs that are too young and sick can be detected and prevented. In addition, Amicus provides the basis for contacting owners of abandoned or runaway dogs. About 430'000 active users submit about 170'000 notifications in Amicus per year.
Animal genetic resources According to the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) animal genetic resources (AnGR) for food and agriculture are the primary biological capital for livestock development and are vital to food security and sustainable rural development. AnGR are commonly defined as a subset of genetic resources (defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity as "genetic material of actual or potential value") and a specific element of agricultural biodiversity. The term animal genetic resources refers specifically to the genetic resources of avian and mammalian species, which are used for food and agriculture purposes. Further terms referring to AnGR are "farm animal genetic resources" or "livestock diversity". Information on AnGR in Switzerland can be found at the Federal office for Agriculture and organisations such as Pro Specie Rara.
Animal movements database AMD The Animal movements database (AMD) enables the traceability of animals in accordance with the AMD-Ordinance and thus creates transparency and trust among the stakeholders involved and the consumers of animal derived food products in Switzerland. On behalf of the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG), the AMD assigns animal identities in the form of clearly labelled ear tags to all cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and game kept in enclosures in Switzerland, as well as a "Universal Equine Life Number - UELN" in the case of equids. Around 90'000 users submit around 8.3 million notifications to the AMD annually. The animal movement database is operated by Identitas AG.
Birth The live birth of an animal. A birth is defined as a live birth if the animal is born alive and lives for at least 48h. This time window around the birth is called perinatal, and after postnatal.
Bitch Female dog.
Breed A group of animals of the same species with similar appearance, similar performances and similar genetics. Selection and breeding within a breed is called pure breeding, between breeds crossbreeding. The affiliation of an animal to a breed is usually accompanied by an entry in a herdbook. See also species.
Breed unkown Animals without any indication of the breed or implausible breed description.
Buck Male goat for breeding purposes.
Bull Male bovine, not castrated.
Chimera Mythical or hybrid creature; in biology an animal with cells of different genetic origins derived from different fertilized oocytes. Bovine chimeras in multiple pregnancies or sheep-goat chimeras ("Schiege") are known. In plant breeding, the grafting of fruit trees or vines leads to chimeras.
Chromosome Carrier structure of the DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
Cloven-hoofed animals According to Article 6(t) of the Ordinance on epizootic diseases: cloven-hoofed animals, domestic animals of the bovine, ovine, caprine and porcine species, including buffalo and new-world camelids (llamas, alpacas) and domestic ungulates of the order even-toed ungulates, excluding zoo animals.
Exceptions which do not have to be reported in the animal movement database AMD: New world camelids (llamas, alpacas), zoo, circus and small breed companion animals, if they are neither slaughtered nor displayed at markets.
Companion animal Equidae are born as livestock animals, but may at any time obtain the status (utilization type) of companion animal, which is not reversible. The companion animal status is recorded in the AMD and the equine passport. The decision as to whether an equidae is considered as livestock or a companion animal rests with the owner. Depending on whether an equidae is registered as livestock or as a companion animal, different rules and regulations apply to the administration and documentation of veterinary drugs (Ordinance on veterinary drugs, articles 12, 15, 23, 26, 28), slaughter or use of the carcass (Ordinance on animal slaughter and meat control, articles 9, 10, 22, 24). In case of doubt, the entry in the AMD applies.
Cow Female cattle after the first calving.
Dairy cow Dairy cows are defined as cows milked with or without marketed milk production, including dry cows, which are kept in the herd of milked cows.
Death Designations of the type of death in which an animal dies without further action.
Decreasing notification Any notification that reduces the number of animals of a population. Notifications comprise slaughter, death/ euthanasia, and exports.
Difference between horse and pony Horses and ponies belong to the same domesticated species Equus caballus caballus. The word pony comes from the old French term poulenet (small foal), or in Latin Pullanus (young animal). Pony generally means a small horse. The height at the withers is the decisive criterion for classification. Horses under 148cm are generally considered ponies, those above this height are considered horses. The term pony is often associated with certain "pony-typical" characteristics. These phenotypes can primarily be traced back to the origin of small horses under harsh environmental conditions and their use as draught and pack animals. Some breeds have always been called ponies (e.g. Dartmoor or Shetland Pony); others are called horses despite their small size (e.g. Haflinger Horse, Fjord Horse, Camargue Horse). The term "Kleinpferd (small horse)" is also used to distinguish between large (≥148cm) and smaller horses.
Distribution of births Distribution of registered animals by date and month of birth.
Donkey The donkey is one of nine living species of equidae and one of two domesticated types. It is a descendant from the African wild donkey and served primarily as a load and pack animal.
Dry cow A dry cow is a cow that is between two lactations. About 6 to 8 weeks before expected calving, a cow is not milked anymore. Her organism can thus regenerate and prepare for the next lactation. In German, she is "galt", "gust" (dialect) or dry.
Ear tags Ear tags shall be used to identify cloven-hoofed animals (Ordinance on epizootic diseases (OFE) Article 6(t); Article 10). Llamas, alpacas, zoo and circus animals need not be marked until further notice. Small-breed companion animals also do not need to be marked if neither slaughter nor exhibitions / markets are planned (technical instructions on the identification of cloven-hoofed animals Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office FSVO). The terms "right" or "left" in connection with ear tags are understood in relation to the direction of vision of the animal. The perforated part is on the inner ear and the mandrel part on the outer ear. Ear tags for initial identification are produced by the ear tag manufacturer and sent by Swiss Post directly to the animal keeper. The delivery takes place in 14 to 21 calendar days. In order for cloven-hoofed animals to be moved to another farm, they must be correctly marked with the valid ear tags.
Equid types To illustrate the population development of different types of equids over time, Identitas AG has created the following nine categories: Thoroughbreds include classic thoroughbred breeds; Warmbloods include modern sport horse breeds with a strong relationship to the Thoroughbred; Draft horses include classic draught horse breeds including the Franches-Montagnes; Ponies and Small Horses form a heterogeneous group of horse breeds of different origins, which are characterized by a size at withers ≤148cm; Iberians include breeds with characteristic Iberian origin; Court breeds include the carousel, riding and parade horses of the European courts of the 16th to the 18th century; donkeys include all donkey breeds and donkeys of unknown origin; mules and hinnies are called hybrids and the category wild equids includes Przewalski horses. Other wild equids are currently not registered to the AMD. The classification is based on the current state of scientific knowledge on the genetics and history of equids (e.g. Petersen et al. 2013). Categorizations are always debatable. Identitas AG tries to show clear trends in this graph by means of numerically large groups. For fanciers of single breeds, a chart by breed is available.
Equids The zoological genus including the living species of horses, wild horses, donkeys, hemiones, zebras and their hybrids. In the context of animal identification and registration article 6, letter y of the Ordinance on epizootic deseases has to be considered.
Euthanasia Euthanasia of an animal with a drug (narcotic) by a veterinarian.
Evolution The change of a parameter over time.
Ewe Female sheep.
Export Export of animals to other countries in the world, except Lichtenstein. In the case of a dog owner moving abroad, this automatically leads to the export of all his dogs.
Farm Definition of a farm according to the farm structure survey by the Federal Statistical Office (FSO) (minimum standards per farm):
1 hectare of utilised agricultural area or 30 ares of special crops or 10 ares of protected
crops or 8 sows or 80 fattening pigs or a pig shed to house 80 fattening pigs or 300 poultry units.
Female Biological female sex.
First registration Initial notification for the registration of animals in the AMD which cannot be registered by birth, import or the arrival on a holding. Examples are the subsequent registration of previously unregistered animals due to new registration requirements.
Further breeds Groups all breeds that are not explicitly shown.
Gelding Castrated male equid, gelded, respectively.
Gene Most basic hereditary unit of DNA. Some genes contain the basic information for the synthesis of a protein.
Genome The total inheritable information of an individual. In mammals, this is approximately 3.5 billion DNA building blocks in the cell nucleus (nucleotide-base pairs). Mitochondrial DNA is also passed on to the offspring via the females. This comprises about 16.5k base pairs.
Genotyping Determination of the paternal and maternal allele at a gene site. A genotype is the combination of the paternal and maternal allele at a gene site. If only two different alleles (A1 and A2) are known for a gene position in a population, this results in three different genotypes (A1A1, A1A2, A2A2). If the paternal and maternal alleles are identical, one speaks of homozygosity, if they are different, one speaks of heterozygosity.
Genus A genus is a hierarchical level of biological systematics (zoological taxonomy). It comprises one or more species. The bovidae, for example, are grouped into the genera cattle (Bos), Asian buffalo (Bubalus), African buffalo (Syncerus) and Vietnamese forest cattle (Pseudoryx). Bos and Bubalus include i.a. the domesticated species domestic cattle, yak and water buffalo.
Goat Female goat.
Goats Like cattle, goats belong to the family of horn carriers, the Bovidae. They are part of the genus goats (Capra). Their wild form is the Bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus). The domesticated form is called Capra hircus (FAO. 2015. The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, edited by B.D. Scherf & D. Pilling. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments. Rome.).
Heifer Female cattle before the first calving.
Herd According to Article 6(p) of the Ordinance on epizootic diseases the term "herd" means: animals from an animal holding forming an epidemiological unit; an animal holding may comprise one or more herds. In general: a group of animals belonging to an animal keeper.
Herdbook A herd book, also called stud book, contains the genealogy (the ancestors) of a group of animals and their performance records. From the 18th century onwards, herd books increasingly became the cornerstone of animal breeding efforts. Knowledge about the relationship between animals and their performance, as well as findings about the heredity of traits (Darwin, Mendel), combined with statistical models (population genetics - Hardy, Weinberg, Wright, Fisher, Haldane), enabled a selection and breeding progress in the 19th and 20th century to a previously unprecedented extent. Since the 21st century, thanks to technical progress and decreasing genotyping costs, information from the genome of animals can directly be accessed and has become widely used in animal breeding ("Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms - SNP", "Whole Genome Sequencing - WGS"; literature 1, 2, 3).
Heredity Hereditary part of the expression of a trait (phenotype) also called genotype. The phenotype, corrected for environmental effects, results in the genotype (phenotype - environment = genotype). An individual, whether human or animal, has a unique genotype in sexually reproducing species, consisting of the alleles inherited from the parents and the resulting allele combinations. Exceptions are identical twins and clones.
Heritability Heritability is a statistical value at the population level. It is the genetically determined proportion of the observed phenotypic variance, given a particular trait. Heritability can achieve values between 0 (no genetic effect detectable) to 1 (a trait is completely genetically determined) - also 0-100%.
Hermaphrodite (Freemartin) Animal with different, simultaneous expression of male and female sexual characteristics. Typical in bi-sexual multiple pregnancies in cattle (Freemartins, Chimeras), or homozygous hornless female goats. Hermaphrodites are usually infertile.
Heterozygous A gene site consists of distinct paternal and maternal alleles/ chromosomes.
Hinny Hybrid between a horse stallion and a female donkey (jenny).
Homozygous A gene site consists of identical paternal and maternal alleles/ chromosomes.
Husbandry Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the figures, the term "husbandry" is equivalent to the AMD number of an animal holding. On the reference date, the holding must have at least one alive animal of the corresponding genus.
Hybrid Crosses in animal and plant breeding are called hybrids. Hybrids are sometimes infertile and considered a breeding end product. Well-known are, among others, species crosses between donkey and horse, which lead to mules or hinnies depending on the mating. Hybrid breeding is also practiced in the pig and poultry industry. Hybrid plant varieties are routinely found in agriculture worldwide. From a genetic point of view, hybridization uses the effect of heterosis (cross-breeding effect, hybrid vigor). As a result of heterosis, individual characteristics are more pronounced in hybrid animals and plants than in the individual parent breeds - plant varieties, respectively. In the case of fertile hybrids, the effect is lost in the progeny according to Mendel's segregation law.
Import Imports of animals from other countries of the world, except Liechtenstein.
Import after export Imports of exported animals from other countries of the world, except Liechtenstein.
Increasing notification Any notification that increases the number of animals of a population. Notifications comprise births, imports, and import after export.
Inheritance Passing on the genetic material from the parents to the offspring. The paternal and maternal germ cells (gametes) contain a haploid ("half") set of chromosomes. The chromosomes are the carrier structure of DNA. During mating, the sperm head (male gamete), with the haploid paternal set of chromosomes, enters the haploid egg cell (female gamete), a zygote is formed. The zygote has a full, diploid ("double") set of chromosomes. Since Mendel, a distinction is made between dominant and recessive inheritance. Other forms of inheritance such as incomplete dominance, co-dominance, sex-linked, linkage, epistasis, imprinting, etc. are known today. A further distinction is made between the inheritance of monogenic (qualitative), oligo- and polygenic (quantitative) traits. Typical monogenic traits are coat colour, blood groups, polledness, and a series of hereditary diseases. Polygenic traits are for example growth, size, milk yield, morphology, and health. Envirnomental influences can affect both polygenic and monogenic traits but usually have a stronger influence on polygenic traits.
Initial notification Initial notifications are birth, import and first registrations. With these messages the respective animal story begins in the TVD.
International Committee for Animal Recording The International Committee for Animal Recording (ICAR) is an Non-Governmental Organisation which was formed 1951, in Rome. ICAR is composed of more than 100 members from about 60 different countries. ICAR strives to be the leading global provider of Guidelines, Standards and Certification for animal identification, animal recording and animal evaluation. ICAR wants to improve the profitability, and sustainability of farm animal production by: establishing and maintaining guidelines and standards for best practice in all aspects of animal identification and recording; certifying equipment, and processes used in animal identification, recording and genetic evaluations; stimulating and leading continuous improvement, innovation, research, knowledge development, and knowledge exchange; providing services essential to achieving international collaboration in key aspects of animal recording and animal breeding.
Kid Young goat kid up to the age of about 120 days.
Lamb Young sheep up to the age of about one year.
Livestock Equidae are born as livestock animals, but may at any time obtain the status (utilization type) of companion animal, which is not reversible. The companion animal status is recorded in the AMD and the equine passport. The decision as to whether an equidae is considered as livestock or a companion animal rests with the owner. Depending on whether an equidae is registered as livestock or as a companion animal, different rules and regulations apply to the administration and documentation of veterinary drugs (Ordinance on veterinary drugs, articles 12, 15, 23, 26, 28), slaughter or use of the carcass (Ordinance on animal slaughter and meat control, articles 9, 10, 22, 24). In case of doubt, the entry in the AMD applies.
Male Biological male sex.
Male canine Male dog.
Mare Female equidae.
Median The median, median value or position parameter divides the observed values ordered by size into two equally sized halves. The median is also known as the 1/2 quantile. A value m is the median of a sample if at least half of the observations in the sample have a value ≤ m and at least half have a value ≥ m. This measurement is more robust given extreme values than the mean. For example, the median of the values {1,2,1,100,3} is 2 (two values are lower than 2: {1,1} and two higher: {3, 100}) while its mean is 21.4.
Mule Hybrid between a donkey stallion and a mare.
Not defined All male and female bovine animals, the latter without a notification for first calving, are assigned to the type of use "not defined".
Notification of arrival All notifications concerning farm animals which include the arrival of animals on a holding. The types of declaration depend on the animal species and are regulated in the AMD-Ordinance. Possible notification types are births, change of holding, imports, first registrations, import after export.
Notification of leave All notifications concerning farm animals which include the departure of animals from a holding. The types of declaration depend on the animal species and are regulated in the AMD-Ordinance. Possible notification types are change of holding, summering, export, death, slaughter, euthanasia.
On farm and on pasture slaughter According to Article 3(q) and (r) of the Ordinance on Slaughter and Meat Control (OSMC), farm slaughter means slaughter where the stunning and bleeding of the animals takes place in the herd and holding of origin; pasture slaughter means slaughter where the stunning and bleeding of the animals takes place in a pasture in the herd and holding of origin. On-farm slaughter is permitted for animals for livestock, and pasture slaughter for animals of the bovine species. Article 9a of the OSMC also applies.
Other cow Female cows with one or more parities not declared as dairy cows. This includes beef/ suckler and nurse cows, fattening cows, dislocated dry cows and other non-milking cows.
Phenotype Appearance; everything that can be measured, described and observed in an animal. The phenotype results from the interaction of genes and the environment (e.g. growth, size, milk yield).
Pregnancy type Unipar is the name of animal species that usually produce one single young animal per pregnancy. Animal species that usually produce several young animals per pregnancy are called multipar.
Ram Male sheep for breeding purposes.
Relocation Transfer of an animal from one place to another. In the case of cloven-hoofed animals, a transfer consists of a departure and an arrival notification, from and to an animal holding. For equidae, departure and arrival notifications are anounced by the owner in one single step (exceptions are export and slaughter).
Replacement ear tag Replacement for official identification. Animals of the bovine, ovine and caprine species must be identified by ear tags on both ears. The remaining cloven-hoofed animals only at the right ear. If an animal loses the ear tag, the keeper is obliged to order and fix a replacement ear tag within three days.
Selection Selection of animals for rearing and production of offspring. The proportion of animals in a population selected for breeding and mating has an impact on breeding progress.
Sheep Like cattle, sheep belong to the family of horn carriers, the Bovidae. They are part of the genus sheep (Ovis). Their wild form is the Asian mouflon (Ovis orientalis). The domesticated form is called Ovis aries (FAO. 2015. The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, edited by B.D. Scherf & D. Pilling. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments. Rome.).
Slaughter Slaughter of an animal in a processing plant.
Species Species is the basic unit of biological systematics (zoological taxonomy). There are different concepts of species. Often a species is defined with regard to reproductive success - can fertile offspring be produced yes/ no - or the presence of common traits in a group - morphology, genetics. In the case of domesticated species, groups of similar animals are referred to as breeds. However, the concept of breed is not a taxonomic, but a socio-economic and cultural entity ("a breed is a breed if enough people say it is" - Hammond K., FAO 1997). All horse and pony breeds belong to the same species Equus caballus caballus, all dog breeds to Canis lupus familiaris.
Stallion Male equid, not castrated.
Steer Castrate male bovine (also ox). The data on castration in cattle are taken from tables linked to bovine birth registration and subsequent adjustments to them. These declarations are made by the animal keepers. A comparison with data from the slaughter statistics of Agristat (Tables 3.13 and 3.14) indicates that the declarations in the AMD are not complete and that the actual number of steers is higher than currently shown in the animal statistics.
Stillbirth The birth will be considered a stillbirth if the animal dies within 48h of the birth or is stillborn.
Traceability Animal traceability is the basis for food safety and the control of animal diseases. Traceability is based on the mandatory notifications according to the AMD Ordinance and the legislation on epizootic diseases in general. Birth, movements and death of cloven-hoofed animals and equidae are recorded, and the assignment to the responsible animal keeper is registered. The latter is also true for dogs.
UELN UELN is a project for the uniform identification of equids. The EU Regulation 2015/262 paragraph 61 describes the UELN as follows: the Universal Equine Life Number (UELN) system has been agreed on worldwide between the major horse-breeding and competition organisations. It has been developed on the initiative of the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses (WBFSH), the International Stud-Book Committee (ISBC), the World Arabian Horse Organization(WAHO), the European Conference of Arabian Horse Organisations (ECAHO), the Conférence Internationale de l'Anglo-Arabe (CIAA), the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) and the Union Européenne du Trot (UET) and information on this system can be consulted on the UELN website.
Wether Wether or mutton, castrated male sheep.
Withers The long spinous processes of the first thoracic vertebrae are called withers. They form the highest point of the body when the head and neck posture is lowered.
Zygote A zygote is a cell formed from the union of male and female gametes (germ cells). A zygote has a full set of genes, half from the sperm and half from the egg (Bourdon R. 2000. Understanding animal breeding. Prentice-Hall, Inc. USA).


Tutorial

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Licence

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

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Imprint

Identitas develops and operates software for the identitfication, registration and monitoring of livestock and companion animals in Switzerland. As leader provider of IT services in Switzerland for data regarding animals and crops, we contribute to creating added value for animal health/ welfare and safe food. About 100 employees work in our headquarters in Berne.

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