Data source

Cattle: Data is shown for all registered and alive cattle of the genre and species domestic cattle, zebu, yak, water buffalo and bison over the past 10 years. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the records description, all animals are considered to be kept in Switzerland. Animals with poor data quality are not shown.
Data source: Animal Movement Database (AMD)

Equids: Data is shown for all registered, alive equids since 01.01.2016. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the records description, all animals are considered to be kept in Switzerland. Animals with poor data quality are not shown.
Data source: Animal Movement Database (AMD)

Dogs: Data is shown for all registered dogs since 01.01.2016. Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the records description, the animals are kept in Switzerland.
Data source: Amicus

Data privacy: Categories with between 1 and 4 (included) records are not shown. Their value is blank in the data files and not shown on the plots.

Important: All databases are dynamic. New notifications and events are announced every day. The values for a given dataset and a given time can thus slightly vary between each evaluation.


Glossary

Term Description
?? The address of the location (country, canton, municipality) is unknown, invalid or empty.
Abroad Countries of the world except Switzerland and Liechtenstein, if not explicitly excluded.
Age structure Distribution of registered, alive animals according to their age on the reference date.
Allele Each of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
Amicus On behalf of the cantons and based on article 30 of the Law on epizootic diseases and articles 16-18 of the Ordinance on epizootic diseases, respectively, Identitas AG operates the national dog database Amicus. Amicus guarantees compliance with legal requirements and offers high data quality: municipalities register dog owners and maintain their addresses, veterinarians identify dogs and take care of initial registration, and dog owners report mutations. This ensures complete traceability, and illegal imports of dogs that are too young and sick can be detected and prevented. In addition, Amicus provides the basis for contacting owners of abandoned or runaway dogs. About 430'000 active users submit about 170'000 notifications in Amicus per year.
Animal movements database AMD The Animal movements database AMD enables the traceability of animals in accordance with the AMD-Ordinance and thus creates transparency and trust among the stakeholders involved and the consumers of animal derived food products in Switzerland. On behalf of the Federal Office for Agriculture (FOAG), the AMD assigns animal identities in the form of clearly labelled ear tags to all cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and game kept in enclosures in Switzerland, as well as a "Universal Equine Life Number - UELN" in the case of equids. Around 90'000 users submit around 8.3 million notifications to the AMD annually. The animal movement database is operated by Identitas AG.
Bitch Female dog.
Breed A group of animals with similar appearance, similar performances and similar genetics of the same species. Selection and breeding within a breed is called pure breeding, between breeds crossbreeding. The affiliation of an animal to a breed is usually accompanied by an entry in a herdbook. See also species.
Breed unkown Animals without any indication of the breed or implausible breed description.
Bull Male bovine not castrated.
Chimera Mythical or hybrid creature; in biology an animal with cells of different genetic origins derived from different fertilized oocytes. Bovine chimeras in multiple pregnancies or sheep-goat chimeras ("Schiege") are known. In plant breeding, the grafting of fruit trees or vines is known to lead to chimeras.
Chromosome Carrier structure of the DNA in the nucleus of a cell.
Cloven-hoofed animals Pursuant to Article 6(t) of the Ordinance on epizootic diseases: cloven-hoofed animals, domestic animals of the bovine, ovine, caprine and porcine species, including buffalo and new-world camelids (llamas, alpacas) and domestic ungulates of the order even-toed ungulates, excluding zoo animals.
Exceptions which do not have to be reported in the animal movement database AMD: New world camelids (llamas, alpacas), zoo, circus and small breed companion animals, if they are neither slaughtered nor displayed at markets.
Companion animal Equidae are born as livestock animals, but may at any time obtain the status (utilization type) of companion animal, which is not reversible. The companion animal status is recorded in the AMD and the equine passport. The decision as to whether an equidae is considered as livestock or a companion animal rests with the owner. Depending on whether an equidae is registered as livestock or as a companion animal, different rules and regulations apply to the administration and documentation of veterinary drugs (Ordinance on veterinary drugs, articles 12, 15, 23, 26, 28), slaughter or use of the carcass (Ordinance on animal slaughter and meat control, articles 9, 10, 22, 24). In case of doubt, the entry in the AMD applies.
Cow Female cattle after the first calving.
Dairy cow Dairy cows are defined as cows milked with or without marketed milk production, including dry cows, which are kept in the herd of milked cows.
Death Designations of the type of death in which an animal dies without further action.
Decreasing notification Any notification that reduces the number of animals of a population. Notifications comprise slaughter, death/ euthanasia, and exports.
Difference between horse and pony Horses and ponies belong to the same domesticated species Equus caballus caballus. The word pony comes from the old French term poulenet (small foal), or in Latin Pullanus (young animal). Pony generally means a small horse. The height at the withers is the decisive criterion for classification. Horses under 148cm are generally considered ponies, those above this height are considered horses. The term pony is often associated with certain "pony-typical" characteristics. These phenotypes can primarily be traced back to the origin of small horses under harsh environmental conditions and their use as draught and pack animals. Some breeds have always been called ponies (e.g. Dartmoor or Shetland Pony); others are called horses despite their small size (e.g. Haflinger Horse, Fjord Horse, Camargue Horse). The term "Kleinpferd (small horse)" is also used to distinguish between large (≥148cm) and smaller horses.
Distribution of births Distribution of registered animals by date and month of birth.
Donkey The donkey is one of nine living species of equidae and one of two domesticated types. It is descended from the African wild donkey and served primarily as a load and pack animal.
Dry cow A dry cow is a cow that stands between two lactations. About 6 to 8 weeks before expected calving, a cow is not milked anymore. Her organism can thus regenerate and prepare for the next lactation. In German, she is "galt", "gust" (dialect) or dry.
Ear tags Ear tags shall be used to identify cloven-hoofed animals (Ordinance on epizootic diseases (OFE) Article 6(t); Article 10). Llamas, alpacas, zoo and circus animals need not be marked until further notice. Small-breed companion animals also do not need to be marked if neither slaughter nor exhibitions / markets are planned (technical instructions on the identification of cloven-hoofed animals Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office FSVO). The terms right or left in connection with ear tags are understood in relation to the direction of vision of the animal. The perforated part is on the inner ear and the mandrel part on the outer ear. Ear tags for initial identification are produced by the ear tag manufacturer and sent by Swiss Post directly to the animal keeper. The delivery takes place in 14 to 21 calendar days. In order for cloven-hoofed animals to be moved to another farm, they must be correctly marked with the valid ear tags.
Equid types To illustrate the population development of different types of equids over time, Identitas AG has created the following nine categories: Thoroughbred includes classic thoroughbred breeds; Warmblood includes modern sport horse breeds with a strong relationship to the Thoroughbred; Draft horses include classic draught horse breeds including the Franches-Montagnes; Ponies and Small Horses form a heterogeneous group of horse breeds of different origins, which are characterized by a size at withers ≤148cm; Iberians include breeds with characteristic Iberian origin; Court breeds include the carousel, riding and parade horses of the European courts of the 16th to the 18th century; donkeys include all donkey breeds and donkeys of unknown origin; mules and hinnies are called hybrids and the category wild equids includes Przewalski horses. Other wild equids are currently not registered to the AMD. The classification is based on the current state of scientific knowledge on the genetics and history of equids (e.g. Petersen et al. 2013). Categorizations are always debatable. Identitas AG tries to show clear trends in this graph by means of numerically large groups. For fanciers of single breeds, a chart by breed is available.
Equids The zoological genus including the living species of horses, wild horses, donkeys, hemiones, zebras and their hybrids. In the context of animal identification and registration article 6, letter y of the Ordinance on epizootic deseases has to be considered.
Euthanasia Euthanasia of an animal with a drug (narcotic) by a veterinarian.
Evolution The change of a parameter over time.
Export Export of animals to other countries in the world, except Lichtenstein. In case of a dog owner moving abroad, this automatically leads to the export of all his dogs.
Farm Definition of farm according to the farm structure survey by the Federal Statistical Office (FSO) (minimum standards per farm):
1 hectare of utilised agricultural area or 30 ares of special crops or 10 ares of protected
crops or 8 sows or 80 fattening pigs or a pig shed to house 80 fattening pigs or 300 poultry units.
Female Biological female sex.
First registration Initial notification for the registration of animals in the AMD which cannot be registered by birth, import or the arrival on a holding. Examples are the subsequent registration of previously unregistered animals due to new registration requirements.
Further breeds Groups all breeds that are not explicitly shown.
Gelding Male equid castrated, gelded, respectively.
Gene Hereditary part on the DNA that contains the basic information for the synthesis of a protein.
Genome The total inheritable information of an individual. In mammals, this is approximately 3.5 billion DNA building blocks in the cell nucleus (nucleotide-base pairs). Mitochondrial DNA is also passed on to the offspring via the females. This comprises about 16.5k base pairs.
Genotyping Determination of the paternal and maternal allele at a gene site. A genotype is the combination of the paternal and maternal allele at a gene site. If only two different alleles (A1 and A2) are known for a gene position in a population, this results in three different genotypes (A1A1, A1A2, A2A2). If paternal and maternal allele are identical, one speaks of homozygosity, if they are different, one speaks of heterozygosity.
Genus Genus is a hierarchical level of biological systematics (zoological taxonomy). A genus comprises one or more species. The bovidae are grouped, for example, into the genera cattle (Bos), Asian buffalo (Bubalus), African buffalo (Syncerus) and Vietnamese forest cattle (Pseudoryx). Bos and Bubalus include i.a. the domesticated species domestic cattle, yak and water buffalo.
Heifer Female cattle before the first calving.
Herd Pursuant to Article 6(p) of the Ordinance on epizootic diseases the term "herd" means: animals from an animal holding forming an epidemiological unit; an animal holding may comprise one or more herds. In general: a group of animals belonging to an animal keeper.
Herdbook A herd book, also called stud book, contains the genealogy (the ancestors) of a group of animals and their performance records. From the 18th century onwards, herd books increasingly became the cornerstone in animal breeding efforts. Knowledge about the relationship between animals and their performances, as well as findings about the heredity of traits (Darwin, Mendel), combined with statistical models (population genetics - Hardy, Weinberg, Wright, Fisher, Haldane), enabled selection and breeding progress in the 19th and 20th century to a so far unprecedented extent. Since the noughties of the 21st century, due to technical progress and decreasing costs for genotyping, information directly from the genome of animals has become widely used in animal breeding ("Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms - SNP", "Whole Genome Sequencing - WGS"; literature 1, 2, 3).
Heredity Hereditary part of the expression of a trait (phenotype) also called genotype. The phenotype, corrected for environmental effects, results in the genotype (phenotype - environment = genotype).
Hermaphrodite (Freemartin) Animal with different, simultaneous expression of male and female sexual characteristics. Typical in bi-sexual multiple pregnancies in cattle (Freemartins, Chimeras), or homozygous hornless female goats. Hermaphrodites are usually infertile.
Heterozygous A gene site consists of two different paternal and maternal alleles/ chromosomes.
Hinny Hybrid between horse stallion and a female donkey (jenny).
Homozygous A gene site consists of two identical paternal and maternal alleles/ chromosomes.
Husbandry Unless explicitly stated otherwise in the figures, the term "husbandry" is equivalent to the AMD number of an animal holding. On the reference date, the holding must have at least one alive animal of the corresponding genus.
Hybrid Crosses in animal and plant breeding are called hybrids. Hybrids are sometimes infertile and considered a breeding end product. Well-known are, among others, species crosses between donkey and horse, which lead to mules or hinnies depending on the mating. Hybrid breeding is also practiced in the pig and poultry industry. Hybrid plant varieties are routinely found in agriculture worldwide. From a genetic point of view, hybridization uses the effect of heterosis (cross-breeding effect, hybrid vigor). As a result of heterosis, individual characteristics are more pronounced in hybrid animals and plants than in the individual parent breeds - plant varieties, respectively. In the case of fertile hybrids, the effect is lost in the progeny according to Mendel's segregation law.
Import Imports of animals from other countries of the world, except Liechtenstein.
Import after export Imports of exported animals from other countries of the world, except Liechtenstein.
Increasing notification Any notification that increases the number of animals of a population. Notifications comprise births, imports, and import after export.
Inheritance Passing on the genetic material from the parents to the offspring. The paternal and maternal germ cells (sperm, egg cells) contain a haploid ("half") set of chromosomes. The chromosomes are the carrier structure of DNA. During mating, the sperm head, with the haploid paternal set of chromosomes, enters the haploid egg cell, a zygote is formed. The zygote has a complete, diploid ("double") set of chromosomes. Since Mendel, a distinction is made between dominant and recessive inheritance. Other forms of inheritance such as incomplete dominance, co-dominance, sex-linked, linkage, epistasis, imprinting, etc. are known today. A further distinction is made between the inheritance of monogenic (qualitative), oligo- and polygenic (quantitative) traits. Typical monogenic traits are coat colour, blood groups, polledness, and a series of hereditary diseases. Polygenic traits are for example growth, size, milk yield, morphology, and health. Environmental influences have a strong effect on polygenic traits, whereas monogenic traits are primarily genetically determined.
Initial notification Initial notifications are birth, import and first registrations. With these messages the respective animal story begins in the TVD.
Livestock Equidae are born as livestock animals, but may at any time obtain the status (utilization type) of companion animal, which is not reversible. The companion animal status is recorded in the AMD and the equine passport. The decision as to whether an equidae is considered as livestock or a companion animal rests with the owner. Depending on whether an equidae is registered as livestock or as a companion animal, different rules and regulations apply to the administration and documentation of veterinary drugs (Ordinance on veterinary drugs, articles 12, 15, 23, 26, 28), slaughter or use of the carcass (Ordinance on animal slaughter and meat control, articles 9, 10, 22, 24). In case of doubt, the entry in the AMD applies.
Male Biologically male sex.
Male canine Male dog.
Mare Female equidae.
Median The median, median value or position parameter divides the observed values ordered by size into two equally sized halves. The median is also known as 1/2 quantile. A value m is the median of a sample if at least half of the observations in the sample have a value ≤ m and at least half have a value ≥ m. This measurement is more robust given extreme values than the mean. For example, the median of the values {1,2,1,100,3} is 2 (two values are lower than 2: {1,1} and two higher: {3, 100}) while its mean is 21.4.
Mule Hybrid between donkey stallion and a mare.
Not defined All male and female bovine animals, the latter without a notification for first calving , are assigned to the type of use "not defined".
Notification of arrival All notifications concerning farm animals which include the arrival of animals on a holding. The types of declaration depend on the animal species and are regulated in the AMD-Ordinance. Possible notification types are births, change of holding, imports, first registrations, import after export.
Notification of leave All notifications concerning farm animals which include the departure of animals from a holding. The types of declaration depend on the animal species and are regulated in the AMD-Ordinance. Possible notification types are change of holding, summering, export, death, slaughter, euthanasia.
On farm and on pasture slaughter According to Article 3(q) and (r) of the Ordinance on Slaughter and Meat Control (OSMC), farm slaughter means slaughter where the stunning and bleeding of the animals takes place in the herd and holding of origin; pasture slaughter means slaughter where the stunning and bleeding of the animals takes place in a pasture in the herd and holding of origin. On-farm slaughter is permitted for animals for livestock, and pasture slaughter for animals of the bovine species. Article 9a of the OSMC also applies.
Other cow Female cows with one or more parities not declared as dairy cows. This includes beef/ suckler and nurse cows, fattening cows, dislocated dry cows and other non-milking cows.
Phenotype Appearance; everything that can be measured, described and observed in an animal. The phenotype results from the interaction of genes and the environment (e.g. growth, size, milk yield).
Relocation Transfer of an animal from one place to another. In the case of cloven-hoofed animals, a transfer consists of a departure and an arrival notification, from and to an animal holding. For equidae, departure and arrival notifications are anounced by the owner in one single step (exceptions are export and slaughter).
Replacement ear tag Replacement for official identification. Animals of the bovine, ovine and caprine species must be identified by ear tags on both ears. The remaining cloven-hoofed animals only at the right ear. If an animal loses the ear tag, the keeper is obliged to order and fix a replacement ear tag within three days.
Selection Selection of animals for rearing and production of offspring. The proportion of animals in a population selected for breeding and mating has an impact on breeding progress.
Slaughter Slaughter of an animal in a processing plant.
Species Species is the basic unit of biological systematics (zoological taxonomy). There are different concepts of species. Often a species is defined with regard to reproductive success - can fertile offspring be produced yes/ no - or the presence of common traits in a group - morphology, genetics. In the case of domesticated species, groups of similar animals are referred to as breeds. However, the concept of breed is not a taxonomic, but a socio-economic and cultural entity ("a breed is a breed if enough people say it is" - Hammond K., FAO 1997). All horse and pony breeds belong to the same species Equus caballus caballus, all dog breeds to Canis lupus familiaris.
Stallion Male equid not castrated.
Steer Male bovine castrated (also ox). The data on castration in cattle are taken from tables linked to bovine birth registration and subsequent adjustments to them. These declarations are made by the animal keepers. A comparison with data from the slaughter statistics of Agristat (Tables 3.13 and 3.14) indicates that the declarations in the AMD are not complete and that the actual number of steers is higher than currently shown in the animal statistics.
Traceability Animal traceability is the basis for food safety and the control of animal diseases. Traceability is based on the mandatory notifications according to the AMD Ordinance and the legislation on epizootic diseases in general. Birth, movements and death of cloven-hoofed animals and equidae are recorded, and assignment to the responsible animal keeper is registered. The latter is also true for dogs.
UELN UELN is a project for uniform identification of equids. The EU Regulation 2015/262 paragraph 61 describes the UELN as follows: the Universal Equine Life Number (UELN) system has been agreed worldwide between the major horse-breeding and competition organisations. It has been developed on the initiative of the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses (WBFSH), the International Stud-Book Committee (ISBC), the World Arabian Horse Organization(WAHO), the European Conference of Arabian Horse Organisations (ECAHO), the Conférence Internationale de l'Anglo-Arabe (CIAA), the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) and the Union Européenne du Trot (UET) and information on this system can be consulted on the UELN website (http://www.ueln.net/).
Withers The long spinous processes of the first thoracic vertebrae are called withers. They form the highest point of the body when the head and neck posture is lowered.


Tutorial

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Licence

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Free use. Indication of source is mandatory. Commercial use is not permitted.


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Imprint

Identitas develops and operates software for the identitfication, registration and monitoring of livestock and companion animals in Switzerland. As leader provider of IT services in Switzerland for data regarding animals and crops, we contribute to creating added value for animal health/ welfare and safe food. About 100 employees work in our headquarters in Berne.

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